Economic criminal law deals with criminal conduct that may occur in business activity and also with conduct that harms the socio-economic interests of the state.
A lawyer specialising in this field has knowledge of criminal law as well as administrative and tax law, financial accounting, among others.
What do lawyers specialising in Economic Criminal Law?
- Fraud offences
When one of the parties, for profit and by means of deception, leads the other party to contract to the detriment of the latter, we are talking about fraud.
- Offences of DOCUMENT FALSENCIAL FALSENCIES
Uncovering of harmful or damaging practices through corporate accounts.
- Business Corruption Offences
This refers to offers of money, gifts or handouts, by sellers or service providers, to officials of companies or private entities in order to buy goods or services from them.
- SOCIETARY Offences
When, by taking advantage of their majority position in any company incorporated or being formed, they take advantage to the detriment of the others or without benefiting them.
- Crimes against CONSUMERS
Behaviour that undermines consumers.
- Money laundering offences
It consists of using business or corporate activities to incorporate money with criminal origins into trafficking.
- Offences against WORKERS’ RIGHTS
It concerns offences that are manifestly considered to be contrary to workers’ rights.
- FRUSTRATION OF ENFORCEMENT AND INSOLVENCY OFFENCES
In cases of frustration of enforcement, it is the debtor himself who creates the situation of insolvency or who aggravates it by concealing or disposing of his assets with the intention of harming his creditors. In the case of punishable insolvency, the condition for punishability is that “the debtor has ceased to regularly perform his obligations or has been declared bankrupt”.
- Offences against PUBLIC FINANCE AND SOCIAL SECURITY
Located in articles 305 and 305 bis of the Penal Code.
- Criminal protection of COMPETITION AND THE MARKET
Offences affecting the basic rules of market functioning.
- Offences against INFORMATION SYSTEMS
A form of infringement of the freedom of information technology or “habeas data” affecting the privacy of individuals through a typical conduct that refers to the unlawful use of personal data contained in computer, electronic or telematic programmes.
- CRIMES AGAINST URBAN PLANNING AND LAND PLANNING AND CRIMES AGAINST THE ENVIRONMENT
Located in Articles 319(1), (2), (3) and (4) and 320(1) and (2) of the Criminal Code.